jQuery blog postings

jQuery Postings - Page 1

Earliest: April 1, 2019Latest: April 28, 2021Total: 9
April 28, 2021

XHR

XHR is the XML HttpRequest to get and post data from the server. This is a powerful feature because you can update a web page without reloading the page. In addition, you can request data from the server based on user selections - without having to jump on another page.

Common Use

Some common places where XML HttpRequest is used:

  • List of customers when users log in.
  • Google Search shows predictive search queries as you type is based on the XML HttpRequest functionality.
  • Forms that get auto populated based on certain criteria, such as the list of city names when you pick a state.
  • Scores of the latest baseball game.

Sample Code


$.ajax({
	url: 'http://internal.localhost.com/?page=addBrowser',
	type: 'POST',
	dataType: 'jsonp',
	data: {
			//uaStringFromJS: escape(navigator.userAgent),
			deviceWidth:    $(window).width(),
			deviceHeight:   $(window).height(),
			devicePixelRatio: (typeof window.devicePixelRatio !== 'undefined' ? window.devicePixelRatio : 0),
			'source':         'Visitor'
	},
	success: function(r){
		try { console.log(r); } catch (e) { }
	}
});

You can find a ton of information on the jQuery website: jQuery.ajax() | jQuery API Documentation .

About Today's Topic

This topic was selected as today is day 'x' in the April A-Z blog challenge. Honestly, there's no way I could possibly cover all the capabilities that jQXHR has in a single blog post.

April 21, 2021

Remove() Function

This simple function is useful when you want to remove an element from the document.

Sample Query

$(".legal").remove();

This would remove any element that has the words "legal" in the class name.

This would be useful if you are taking screenshots and want to remove certain parts. Also useful for QA to test "hacking" functionality.

Fun Tricks to Try

Remove All Images

This removes all the images on the page:

$("img").remove();

Remove All Anchor

This removes all the anchor tags and text on the page:

$("a").remove();

April 14, 2021

Load() in jQuery

One cool feature of jQuery is the ability to load up content and place the content in a webpage. This is done using the LOAD() function. It's an alternative way to share a file between web pages.

Official Description

This method is the simplest way to fetch data from the server. It is roughly equivalent to $.get(url, data, success) except that it is a method rather than global function and it has an implicit callback function. When a successful response is detected (i.e. when textStatus is "success" or "notmodified"), .load() sets the HTML contents of the matched elements to the returned data.

jQuery Load Truck

Example Code

<script> $(document).ready(function() { $('#myfooter').load('/footer.html'); $('#myheader').load('/header.html'); }); </script>

Three Things I Learned

In order to use the load() functionality you can't use the jQuery slim minified version. You should be using the jquery minified version.

Developers should call the jquery.js file in the header before calling the load action. Otherwise, you may get delays or undesired behavior.

The full load() syntax is: $.load(url,[data],[callback]); Where data is the GET data to send to the URL and the callback is the JavaScript function to be executed when the request is successful. The data and callback are optional.

April 7, 2021

Form Hacking

This is something that I learned a long time ago at a Web Developer's conference

Never Trust The Browser2

Developers should put in place to make sure that people are not adding improper data. The best-case scenario would be to add this check to the browser.

QA teams should add a check to make sure that field data validation is actually occuring.

HTML Select Options

Developers usually use HTML form select option functionality to make it easy for users to select from a set of options. This is more commonly used as selecting states. There's even a GitHub code snippet available to make it easy for developers.

Challenge the Code

Using jQuery, you can change the values in a select menu. This is useful to test to make sure that form validation is happening. Hopefully, it's done on the client-side and not on the server-side.

To do this you'll need to know the name of the select tag. This might be an ID or a class name. If there isn't a name, you could always use an XPath tree. (That is a bit more complex for this post.)

We'll assume that it has a Class Name or an ID set. You can find the class name/id by clicking on the field and right-clicking and select inspect.

Change the Options in a Form

Class

Change the "selectClass" to the class name of the select field. You can't append values, so we have to wipe out the options and put in new options.

var newOptions = {
    "Option 1":"option-1",
    "Option 2":"option-2"
};

var $el = $('.selectClass');
$el.html(' ');
$.each(newOptions, function(key, value) {
    $el.append($("<option></option>")
    .attr("value", value).text(key));
});

ID

Change the "selectID" to the id of the select field. You can't append values, so we have to wipe out the options and put in new options.

var newOptions = {
    "Option 1":"option-1",
    "Option 2":"option-2"
};

var $el = $('.selectID');
$el.html(' ');
$.each(newOptions, function(key, value) {
    $el.append($("<option></option>")
    .attr("value", value).text(key));
});

Simple Steps

Here are the simple steps

  • Visit a website that has a Select Option on the page.
  • Open up the Console
  • Paste in the code above and hit return
  • You should immediate change on the page.
  • Submit the form (after filling in all the required fields)
  • How does the web application handle it?
April 29, 2019

Y Position of an Element

Using jQuery, it's easy to find out exactly where an element is on the page. Simply use jQuery's position() function:

<script>
var p = $( "h2" );
var position = p.position();
$( "p:last" ).text( "left: " + position.left + ", top: " + position.top );
</script>

Using the Coordination plane terminology, the position "top" is the Y-axis and "left" is the X-axis.

By default the position() method returns the first instance of the element. The position is relative to the parent element.

Why is this Important for QA testing?

This would be useful if you need to verify an element is in a particular location on the page, for example, to make sure that the footer logo has enough headroom in the Div tag.

Why this Posting?

Today's A-Z challenge letter is 'Y.' This is not an easy topic, as there's really not many tools that begin with the letter 'Y' for jQuery and QA.

This will be the last post for jQuery for a while. On Monday's in May I'll switch back to focus on general QA topics.

April 22, 2019

Selector using JQuery

jQuery selector functionality is pretty powerful. You can select All, IDs, Names, etc. It's a good way to perform an action. There's a trick to use when you don't have an ID and the page content tree changes. You can use the jQuery Contains() selector.

This is useful when you want to click on a specific Anchor tag and using an XPath isn't going to help since the content may change. (Thus frequently failing automation runs)

Simple Example

<script>
$( "a:contains('Sign up')" ).click();
</script>

The only problem with the above is if you have multiple anchor tags with the same text. Simply add the following reference:

<script>
$( "a:contains('Sign up')" ).eq(0).click();
</script>
April 15, 2019

Map - Jquery

jQuery map() function is useful when you want to verify that a list (unordered, ordered) are in the right order. Simple create the jQuery object as a Map array and then join it.

Sample Data

<div>
      <label for="two">2</label>
      <input type="checkbox" value="2" id="Boston" name="number[]">
    </div>
    <div>
      <label for="four">4</label>
      <input type="checkbox" value="4" id="Concord" name="number[]">
    </div>
    <div>
      <label for="six">6</label>
      <input type="checkbox" value="6" id="Stow" name="number[]">
    </div>
    <div>
      <label for="eight">8</label>
      <input type="checkbox" value="8" id="Carlisle" name="number[]">
</div>

Your jQuery Action

$( ":checkbox" )
  .map(function() {
    return this.id;
  })
  .get()
  .join();

Your Results would be:

"Boston,Concord,Stow,Carlisle"

Javascript results:

 return $( ":checkbox" )
  .map(function() {
    return this.id;
  })
  .get()
  .join()
  .includes("Boston,Concord,Stow,Lowell")
April 8, 2019

Get Image Size (Using JQuery)

Sometimes the Quality Assurance team needs to get the size of an image that is rendered on a page. Usually, this is to validate that the rendered image meets the specifications.

This will show you what the image actually rendered on the page:

$imageCheck = "Height: " + $('#facebook').height() + " Width: " + $('#facebook').width() ;

If you want to know the actual physical dimensions of the image:

$NaturalCheck = "Natural Height: " + $('#facebook').naturalHeight() + " Natural Width: " + $('#facebook').naturalWidth() ;

Sample Output

Natural Height Check

April 1, 2019

Add Link Check - JQuery

There's a cool jQuery trick to check to see if all the hyperlinks on the current page are going to a certain URL. This is useful if you want a quick way to make sure that links are pointing to a Dev environment.

Enable jQuery

if the site isn't using jquery, you'll need to add it, if you don't know it doesn't hurt to run this as it won't break the site (Unless the site is using some bleeding edge jQuery code.)

Open up the Chrome Console and paste the following:

var script = document.createElement("script");
script.setAttribute("src", "[https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.6.4/jquery.min.js](https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.6.4/jquery.min.js)");
script.addEventListener('load', function() {
var script = document.createElement("script");
document.body.appendChild(script);
}, false);
document.body.appendChild(script);

You should get back the following:

<script src="[https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.6.4/jquery.min.js](https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.6.4/jquery.min.js)"></script>

Now run this:

$("a[href*='[company.com](http://company.com/)']").css("color", "orange");

This will highlight any link going to [company.com](http://company.com) to orange. You probably won't see any changes on your site, so change it to something reasonable.

If something did get changed, you should see how many links got changed:

init(213)