FinalCutPro Blog Posts
Last week I talked about using audio clips from iMovie. This week I wanted to use the "Playful.M4A" clip for the duration of the video that I was working.
This means that I had to figure out how to convert a 1-minute clip into 10 minutes. Unfortunately, there is no "loop" feature in Final Cut Pro.
Basically to loop this audio clip, you need to copy and paste it X number of times until you get the duration that you want. The problem with the "Playful" audio is that it fades in the last 2 seconds.
Five Things I Learned
The reason why I want to do this outside of Final Cut Pro was that I could create a new Audio file so I can reuse this in the future.
Audacity was the clear winner.
The best program that I found to clip and duplicate the audio is Audiacity. It was very easy to clip the final 2 seconds and then copy/paste the clip over and over.
I only needed 7-minutes, but I ended up creating a 10-minute audio file. This way I don't have to do this in the future.
Other Audio Clips
If your looking for alternative audio clips, similar to the Playful clip check out Fiver. A few years ago I purchased a couple of good audio collections that is useful for background music.
Getting iMovie Sound to Final Cut Pro
Final Cut Pro has a great collection of music and sound effects. The Final Cut Pro supplemental pack includes over 1300 royalty-free sound effects you can access from the Photos and Audio sidebar right in Final Cut Pro.
Even with all those sound effects and music, I still like the music from iMovie. I especially like Playful sound. It's great when you need a filler sound for when you doing a collage of video clips.
Seven Sounds of iMovie
These are the sounds that are available in iMovie:
Bright.M4A, Modern.M4A, Neon.M4A, News.M4A, Playful.M4A, Simple2.M4A, Travel.M4A
Lets Use them!
Turns out you can "mix rip burn" the sound from iMovie - if you still have it installed on your computer. You can import these into Final Cut Pro for all your fun projects
Note the location of these files.
Getting the Audio
You can't use Spotlight search to find the "Playful.m4a" audio file. It's actually buried in the iMovie application. Here are the steps to find the audio include in iMove as the "iMovie Theme Music"
- Go to the Applications folder and locate the iMovie applicaiton
- Right click on the application and select "Show Package Contents"
- Click on the "Contents" Folder
- Click on the "Resources" Folder
- Click on the "iMovie Theme Music" Folder
- You should now see seven audio files.
You should drag and drop a copy of these files into another location. One option would be the Music application, so you can go under the Photos and Audio sidebar and use these files.
Just remember to copy the files, you don't want to lose the files in the original location!
Apple Music Tip
These audio clips don't have any metadata so when you are in Final Cut Pro it makes it hard to search for the clips that you got from iMove.
In Music, I selected the seven sounds, right-click, and selected "Get Info." I then added some metadata so that that it's easy to search:
All I have to do is search for "imovie" and the sounds show up!
Here's the legal info about using the media files in iMovie and if you're allowed to move them to other applications:
The Apple Software contains media content including but not limited to graphics, audio clips, video clips, and/or templates (“Media Content”). This Media Content is proprietary to Apple and/or its licensors, and is protected by applicable intellectual property and other laws, including but not limited to copyright. Except as otherwise provided, all Media Content included in the Apple Software may be used on a royalty-free basis in your own video projects but may not be distributed on a standalone basis (and audio Media Content may only be used for your own personal, non-commercial use).
Crop 4k to 1080p in the Timeline
So the advantage of taking footage at 4K is that you have more flexibility when you convert the video to 1080p format. You can now crop the video so that the scene fits to your production.
This is particularly useful when you use a GoPro camera and you want to focus on a particular part of the video - such as a stage or a landmark.
Crop to 1080p
When you crop a clip make sure the Scale value is at 100%
4k Image is 3840 by 2160, which is twice as big as the standard HD format of 1920 by 1080 - otherwise known as 1080p.
When you crop a video you want to make sure that the scale is at 100%. (As seen above.) This shows that you have a correct proportional crop.
If possible crop the video before putting in the timeline, this way it doesn’t downsample the video to 1080p and then crop it.
You can crop it to 100% at any place in the video - it doesn’t need to be exactly in the center.
Check out this video that I put together. It’s a side by side comparison of the GoPro 7 and the GoPro 9.
This was done using my own template thanks to Motion and Final Cut Pro.
How This Was Done
Final Cut Pro doesn’t come with any templates or effects to split-screen. I had a choice to go out and buy one or design my own using Apple Motion.
If you want to purchase a Screen Splitter effect, check out Screen Splitter 2 by FCPeffects: Final Cut Pro Plugins.
I decided to venture on my own - using some knowledge that I learned from watching some Udemy classes. Such as the Going Further With Apple Motion 5 class.
I created the design in Apple Motion and then imported it into Final Cut Pro.
Started in Apple Motion
The first thing I had to figure out was the layout. How can I properly display two videos side by side?
I figured that making the image at 48% of the original size was a good way to have them side by side with a border between the videos. The videos would be 941 x 529.
I added the top graphics and bottom text so the viewer knew what video was what.
I added the screenshot of the videos for layout purposes and converted the image to drop zones.
The video is 2-minutes long which seems a long time as there isn’t much going on in the videos. There is a way to be flexible on the duration. I just forgot about it.
Total time to get this up and running was about 20-mins.
Getting To Final Cut Pro
Once I was satisfied of the template was in good order. I had to convert the project to the Title Generator section. This is done by going under the File menu and selecting "Convert Project To" and then selected Generator.
I then gave it a name and a new location in the Generator section.
Ready to Go!
Now whenever I want to compare videos for the GoPro, I just use the template in the Generator section. Its ready to go.
The only change I would make is to fix the duration so that I can make it longer if needed.
Best Final Cut Pro Blog Post
I learned a lot of cool things with Final Cut Pro. Here are 7 Blog post that I think are working checking again:
Best Final Cut Pro Posts
Logic Pro Effects in Final Cut Pro - (December 15) Description of each Logic Audio Effect in Final Cut Pro
Blade Tool Tricks - (November 24) Learn how to quickly cut multiple tracks
Transparent Background in PowerPoint - (October 20) How to make the background in Powerpoint transparent for Final Cut Pro. You can then use the Powerpoint movie in any Final Cut Pro project.
Trim Start and End - (October 13) Cool Shortcut to quickly cut out a clip from a certain point.
Adding Favorites Folders to Import - (September 15) Add your favorite folder to the Import dialog sidebar. This makes it easy to navigate to common folders.
Slow Motion Video - (September 8) Using the iPhone Slo-Mo videos in Final Cut Projects
Getting Live Photos - (August 18) How to get the Movies from Live Photos taken with the iPhone.
You can change easily the color of a clip by using the Color Wheel option. The color wheel helps you adjust the clip's brightness and saturation levels on each side of the four-color wheels. You get an instant live preview of the adjustment.
Five Thing I have Learned
The color wheel really helps me balance two different cameras that I use to film a church service. The cameras don’t exactly have the same white balance effect.
I find it easier to balance the colors of similar clips using the color wheel instead of the “Balance Color” feature.
There are controls on the bottom of the color wheels section that allows you to adjust for Temperature, Tint, Hue, and Mix. I really haven’t played around with these.
Usually the Master and Shadows are the only wheels I have to control. My shooting is inside and the lighting doesn’t change that much.
Using the colors wheels really help make using two cameras so much better. People really can’t tell that there are two different cameras being used.
Finding the Color Wheel
The color wheel section is located in the Color Inspector of the selected clip. Simply put the playhead on the clip that you want to be adjusted and type in Command 6.
Click on the “No Corrections” popup menu and select “+Color Wheel”
Start playing around with various settings to see what works best for your situation.
Logic Pro Effects in Final Cut Pro
Final Cut Pro includes several Logic Effect tools. These tools help improve the audio in your Final Cut projects.
Which audio effect works best for you depends on your audio needs. It might be tricky to figure out which effect does what.
Logic Pro Effects Tools
Here's a description of each Logic Effects functionality from Apple.com.
Adaptive Limiter - This is a versatile tool for controlling the perceived loudness of sounds. It works by rounding and smoothing peaks in the signal, producing an effect similar to an analog amplifier being driven hard. Like an amplifier, it can slightly color the sound of the signal.
This is great when you have a video clip that has several sound peaks and you want to boost up the other audio. This is a better alternative than using the Normalize feature in Fission and Audacity.
Compressor - This emulates the sound and response of several professional-level compressors. It tightens up your audio by reducing sounds that exceed a certain threshold level, smoothing out the dynamics, and increasing the overall volume - the perceived loudness.
Enveloper - This is an unusual processor that lets you shape the attack and release phases of a signal - the signal transients, in other words.
This can be used to help highlight some of the vocal sounds in a song.
Expander - This is similar in concept to a compressor, but increases, rather than reduces, the dynamic range above the threshold level.
Gain - Gain amplifies (or reduces) the signal by a specific decibel amount.
Limiter - This reduces any peak above the threshold to the threshold level, effectively limiting the signal to this level.
Multichannel Gain - Multichannel Gain allows you to independently control the gain and phase of each channel in a surrounding mix.
Multipressor - Multipressor (an abbreviation for multiband compressor) is a versatile audio mastering tool. It splits the incoming signal into different frequency bands- up to four -and enables independent compression of each band. After compression is applied, the bands are combined into a single output signal.
Noise Gate - This is used to suppress unwanted noise that is audible when the audio signal is at a low level. This effectively removes lower-level parts of the signal, while allowing the desired parts of the audio to pass.
Spectral Gate - This is used as a tool for creative tool design.
You can use this tool to muffle music so that it sounds like it's coming through the wall, or change a regular voice to sound like it was from a telephone call.
Surround Compressor - This is specifically designed for compression of complete surround mixes. It is commonly inserted in a surround output channel strip or in audio or aux channel strips -busses- that carry multichannel audio.
AC3 Audio in Final Cut Pro
If your shooting video with Sony or Panasonic cameras, chances are your shooting using the AVCHD Video Format. You'll see the video file end with ".mts" or ".m2ts."
There's nothing wrong with this format until you decide to synchronize video and audio files.
Problem with Synchronize Clips
One of the things I noticed when I attempted to synchronize a video clip with a separate audio file, is that it was taking Final Cut Pro a long time to generate a new file. When I decided to quit the synchronization, it would take a long time for the cancelation to complete. I would have to force quit the application.
I didn't encounter this issue with any other video source.
There's something about the mts format that is triggering some weird behavior with Final Cut Pro Synchronize engine.
It may have something to do with the AC3 Audio format (Dolby AC-3) as seen in the difference between the two converted files.
Ah Ha, I checked out Final Cut Pro Supported formats document and I can see that AC3 Audio is not listed.
My quick solution was to convert the video file using QuickTime Player or Smart Converter Pro.
In QuickTime Player, I used the "Greater Compatibility (H.264)" settings. Export the clip as 1080
In Smart Converter Pro, I used the Apple TV 4 setting.
Once I converted the Video and Audio, I had no problems using the Synchronize Clips feature.
Not Using Synchronize Clips?
If you're not using Synchronize Clips, you may encounter problems with other audio functionality. For example Audio Effects or with the Auto Enhance Audio functionality.
Find Clips that Have AC3 Format
Here's how to see the Audio format of the clips that are in your Final Cut Pro projects:
- In Final Cut Pro make sure that the Browser is displayed and in List Mode.
- Right click on any Browser column, for example, Camera Name. You should see a drop down menu. Select "Codecs"(Third from the bottom)
- The Codecs column data list Audio and Video format for each of the clips being used.
Look for clips that have the AC3 audio format. When you find one, right-click on it to reveal in Finder.
Use the "Quick Solution" that I described earlier to convert it. I know it's painful to have to convert multiple files, but this should fix issues that you may be having.
Toggle Inspector Height
Sometimes the Inspector panel can take up too much room, here’s how to fix that.
Side-By-Side view of the Final Cut Pro window with the Inspector panel using the full left side.
If you see the Info Panel using up the complete left side of the Final Cut Pro window, and you have no idea what happens. This is because somehow you have the “Toggle Inspector Height” enabled.
You can enable/disable this feature by using the shortcut Control Command 4, or selecting the menu item under the View Menu.
This blog post came about because a few people have posted on a Facebook group about how to reduce the size of the inspector panel.
Help Can Guide the Way
Check out the above image.
If you search for "Inspector" using the help menu, and then select the "Toggle Inspector Height" the help will guide you to where to find the "Toggle Inspector Height" section.
Blade Tool Tricks
Sometimes when I am editing, I want to do a complete scene cut. That includes multiple videos and audio tracks. In the past, I would use the blade tool on individual clips. Wasn't the best method - it would result in a long time editing the video.
There is a better way.
Cut All Clips at the Skimmer
To do a "super" cut off all the clips at the current skimmer point. This is useful when you want to make a drastic change to that moment in time. Use the short cut: Shift-Command-B
Cut Certain Clips
It's super easy to cut specific clips at the current skimmer point. This is useful if you need a simple cut from two similar scenes. Simply select the clips or audio and then use the shortcut: Command-B to add a cut at the current skimmer point.
I have been using Final Cut Pro for several months and this is the first time I hear about this shortcut.
Final Cut Pro is so much better with multiple monitors. You don't need two similar monitors, just two good ones. This is the layout that I have on my home computer:
The 20-inch Apple Cinema Display is a ten-year-old monitor, and it works perfectly well for me.
Setting Up Final Cut Pro
Here's all you do to get Final Cut Pro to use two monitors:
Connect a second monitor to your computer. (That's pretty obvious.)
Under the 'Window' Option you'll see a "Show in Secondary Display" this is where you select the content to display on the second monitor. When you select this the item is removed from the primary display.
You have 3-options:
Browser - This is all the media files in your project. Use this option when you're starting the project and trying to figure out what clips to put in the timeline.
Viewers - This is the preview window. I usually have my second display always set to this. Having this on the second display makes navigating the timeline so much easier. This is especially true when you have multiple clip layers.
Timeline - This is the video timeline. Useful if your second display is a wide screen.
In the top of the main window there is an icon that shows two computers. You can toggle using two displays simply by clicking on this icon. (Its the green box in the above screenshot)
I have found this to be a quick way to display Final Cut Pro to use the second monitor when I want to do something outside of Final Cut Pro, such as browse the internet or check email
The problem is that if your audio clip has one large pop, then Normalize won't work.
Apple's Logic has a powerful way to balance the audio and that's something called: Adaptive Limiter. Apple included the functionality in Final Cut Pro
Adaptive Limiter is a versatile tool for controlling the perceived loudness of sounds. It works by rounding and smoothing peaks in the signal, producing an effect similar to an analog amplifier being driven hard. Like an amplifier, it can slightly color the sound of the signal. You can use Adaptive Limiter to achieve maximum gain without introducing unwanted distortion and clipping, which can occur when the signal exceeds 0 dBFS.
Things I Learned
This can be found in the Effects section, check for Audio then Levels.
Simply drag and drop Adaptive Limiter to the audio that you wish to enhance and the audio will be enhanced.
If you want to make further Adaptive Limiter adjustments on the clip, go to the audio section of the clip, scroll down and look for Effects. You should see the Effects section.
You can make whatever adjustments you want, I would recommend maling slow adjustments and test the clip peaks and valleys.
There is an Advance Effect Editor UI for those audio pros. This is a powerful audio tool to play around with.
At the End of The Day
Using applications like Fission and Audacity is great for simple audio files. The audio functionality in Final Cut Pro is pretty powerful. There are a lot of audio effects built - 109 to be exact.
You shouldn't have to use a third party to fix audio issues. In most cases, it can be professionally cleaned in Final Cut Pro.
Today is election day in the United States and tonight many people will be glued to their TVs watching election results. You'll likely see lots of lower-thirds graphics. I thought looking at lower-thirds would be a good topic this week.
Lower-Thirds is a text graphic used most commonly on TV news stations. This is usually used to inform the viewer of the speaker or location that they are watching.
Example of a Lower Third
One of the nice things about Final Cut Pro is that you can’t define a default lower third. What this does is any time that you want to use that template your simply type in the shortcut: Control - Shift - T
Final Cut Pro uses the default lower third when you apply the short cut, but it's really easy to change that.
Change the Default Lower Third
- Go to the Title and Generator Sidebar: Option - Command - 1
- Find a tile that you want to apply with the keyboard shortcut. (Note: It doesn't have to be a lower third, it can be any title.)
- Right click on the image and select "Make Default Lower Third"
When you have a long boring scene it might help spice things up by using jump cuts. They seem to be in all the rage with YouTubers. They seem to be very popular with Rebecca Zamolo YouTube Videos.
What Are Jump Cuts
Jump cuts are when you remove a set of frames with the intent to make the scene go quicker. In Final Cut Pro, you have the option to easily skip 3,5,10,20,30 frames. The more frames you remove the bigger the effect it has.
How to apply Jump Cuts
In Final Cut Pro, you define Jump Cuts with markers.
- Simple mark where you want to apply a Jump Cut
- Select the "Retime" pop-up menu just below the viewer - the icon looks like a dashboard speed gauge. Then go all the way down and select Jump Cut.
- Note: If the Jump Cut option is not available, it is because you didn't select the clip to apply the jump cut to.
- Then select the number of frames to remove. I have found that "20 frames" works best in most cases.
After you apply the Jump Cut, you'll see a green bar on top of the clip, this is the Retime Editor. If you want to add additional Jump Cuts, you still have to follow the above steps. There are no keyboard shortcuts to add Jump Cuts.
Transparent Background in PowerPoint
While Apple makes it easy to create transparent movies from Keynote to Final Cut Pro, it's a bit tricky to get it to work with Microsoft Powerpoint.
Why use Microsoft Powerpoint?
PowerPoint has some unique transitions and effects that are not available in Keynote. If you have Microsoft PowerPoint installed it might be better to use that for some cool effects.
Using PowerPoint or Keynote might be better than using Apple Motion for simple tasks.
How to Export Transparent Background
To get a transparent background in PowerPoint you need to use the green screen effect. There is no way to control the export video type.
This has all the transitions that are available in Microsoft PowerPoint. I used a green background and used the Keyer effect to remove that background in Final Cut Pro. (That’s how you remove the green screen. )